Road crashes and likelihood of serious injury are both predictable and avoidable if appropriate action is taken. They are also normally multi-factor events with a number of contributory factors which combine to create the particular unsafe circumstances at that specific location where an accident occurs. If a “Safe Systems” approach ( where the focus is on eliminating or minimising the factors which we know can cause crashes) can be applied in all relevant areas, the potential for occurance of road crashes can be reduced. Action is needed in a number of sectors to ensure that safe systems approaches are applied. The following sections indicate what needs to be done in each sector to improve road safety.