P3: Safer Vehicles
Improvements to the crash protection and safety features in vehicles are proven to reduce the numbers of road deaths and serious injuries. In recent years, there have been significant advances in vehicle safety that protects occupants and other road users, together with improved crash-avoidance controls. As the proportion of newer vehicles on roads with high standard safety features increases, the risks to all road users – drivers, passengers, motorcyclists, pedestrians, cyclists - will reduce.
However, the current economic environment in most LMICs suggests that older vehicles, second hand cars and in some regions, para transit and non-motorised vehicles will remain a major part of the fleet for the foreseeable future. Unsafe vehicles will continue to be imported or manufactured domestically unless action is taken. It is important that that only the vehicles meeting minimum safety standards are permitted to use public roads.
Governments need to adopt legislation to prevent the import of new vehicles that do not meet basic UN safety requirements. Second-hand imported vehicles should be subject to a roadworthiness inspection before being permitted on public roads. The existing vehicle fleet should be subject to regular periodical technical inspections - Commercial Vehicles twice / year; Private Vehicles once / year. This inspection and control system should include random roadside checks and unannounced checks/supervision of the testing stations to check the quality of inspections and to address possible corruption.
The training and services that IRSC can provide in this pillar include:
- UN conventions and EU agreements related to road safety: including vehicle harmonisation, carriage of dangerous Goods (ADR) & working hours of crews (AETR). Advice and training is provided in related issues such as local legislation inspection and regulations and type testing to ensure compliance with international norms and practices;
- Vehicle road worthiness technical inspections: including establishment of inspection stations, testing equipment requirements, controls including speed cameras and electronic checks to deter corrupt practices, procedure manuals for conducting tests and training of inspectors and supervisors;
- Role of Global NCAP: including regional programs (e.g. LATIN NCAP,
ASIANCAP, EuroNCAP) designed to ensure that manufacturers do not sell less safe cars in LMICs than sold in the EU/USA. Imported vehicles should comply with EU/USA standards;
- Motor cycles and their impact on road safety: includes assessment of risk and related mitigating actions that can be taken to reduce motor cycle accidents. This includes making the manufacturers who profit from selling motorcycles contribute to assist governments in dealing with resultant motorcycle related casualties.
Courses offered under this pillar are:
UN Conventions on Vehicle Safety
Конвенции ООН по безопасности транспортных средств