P2: Safer Roads
Infrastructure plays a crucial role in road safety. Well-designed, self-explaining roads can help people use roads safely and minimize the risk of incidents including a crash. When a crash happens, protective and forgiving road infrastructure can mean the difference between life and death. Infrastructure that emphasises speed reduction and caters to the needs of vulnerable road users (cyclists, motorcycle riders, pedestrians, children and people with disabilities) is particularly important. In Low & Middle Income countries (LMICs) 40-50% of deaths and injuries are often to vulnerable road users and in their urban areas this percentage can reach 70 or 80%.
In this Pillar, the focus is on engineering solutions which reduce speed through traffic calming measures and speed management. This is particularly applicable in areas with a high volume of vulnerable road users such as school and residential zones, built-up areas and linear villages along major roads.
Blackspot, mass action and route action improvement programmes should be implemented by Road Authorities to improve safety on their existing road networks. The recommendations of the EU Directive 2008/96 EC on road safety infrastructure management should be implemented by Road Authorities.
It should be compulsory for the various levels of roads administration to apply effective access control and development controls to their networks thereby preventing unsafe access onto their roads. They should also be required to report annually on the road safety aspects of their network and what they have done to improve road safety on their roads in the previous year.
The services that IRSC can provide in this Pillar includes:
- ISO 39001 assessments: of Roads Authorities to identify areas of weakness in organisational structures and in processes for dealing with road safety issues;
- Review / updating of road design standards: to ensure application of a “safe systems approach" to ensure design of "self-explaining roads" and “forgiving roadsides” thereby reducing the risk of a crash severity;
- Development of road safety Audit (RSA) and Road safety inspection (RSI): guidelines and procedures and training of road safety audit instructors, road safety auditors and road safety inspectors. This can include in-country follow up assistance to establish local RSA training courses;
- Network safety management: including safety monitoring, risk mapping, black spot management, access control, development control and impact assessment to ensure safe operation of the network;
- Introductions to traffic calming, speed management: including the International Road Assessment Programme (IRAP) and other safety assessment systems, star rated roads etc.